Wordpress is one of the most popular blogging platforms on the web. A Wordpress theme is essentially made up of various pages that are written in PHP code as well as a CSS stylesheet. Creating a Wordpress theme from scratch requires a great deal of technical knowledge in the arena of PHP and CSS. It also requires an in-depth understanding of the pages that Wordpress consists of. Setting up the theme requires some knowledge of MySQL databases.
- 404: Template 404.php – The 404 page comes up when there is an error preventing users from viewing the page correctly. Some designers choose to customize the 404 page to make it look cool.
- Archive: Template archive.php – The archive template is used to archive data that may or may not be in use any longer. Internet archives are like libraries, which store all sorts of information.
- Comments Template: comments.php – The comments template is used to distinguish comments from posts. This template has been updated numerous times by Wordpress.
- Footer Template: footer.php – The footer template displays the text that appears at the bottom of the page.
- Popup Comments Template: comments-popup.php – The popup comments template is self-explanatory. It basically creates comments that are popups.
- Post Template: single.php – The single post template modifies the style of a single post page.
Installing a Wordpress theme is simple. In the Wordpress dashboard area, look to the left sidebar where it says “Appearance”. Under the “Appearance” tab, click themes. At the top of the page there will be a button that says “Add New”. Your browser will take you to the Install Themes area. You can either search for a theme or upload one of your own. If you decide to search for a theme, find the one you like best and click the “Install” link underneath it.
- Search Form: searchform.php – The search form allows users to search for posts within your blog.
- Search Template: search.php – The search template works hand in hand with the search form.
- Sidebar Template: sidebar.php – The sidebar template controls the appearance and positioning of the Wordpress sidebar.
- Stylesheet: style.css – The CSS stylesheet in Wordpress controls virtually all styles of the template. It controls font, background colors, etc.
- Header Template: header.php – The header template includes the header of the website. This can be a banner, navigation links, an image, or anything you wish to put there.
- Links: links.php – The links page displays all of your Wordpress links.
- Main Template: index.php – The main template or index page is the page that contains all of the information that will appear on your blog’s homepage.
- Page Template: page.php – The page template is the document that controls the basic appearance of individual Wordpress pages on your blog.
Wordpress gained its popularity through its innovative use of PHP and its dedication to quality. Wordpress is also highly customizable, making it the platform of choice for tech-savvy bloggers. The following CSS and PHP tutorials can help you to create your own Wordpress theme.
- CSSTutorial.net – This is a website dedicated to CSS learners.
- A Beginner’s Guide to PHP – This website teaches new PHP learners how to code in PHP with step by step guides and visual examples.
- Wordpress Theme Generator – If you are not very technical this generator can help you come up with a unique yet simple looking theme for your blog.