Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the predominant authoring language used to create web pages. This language contains tags to format the contents of web documents. For example, HTML tags provide instructions on how text should appear (bold, italics, a specific color etc.) or how a web page is structured (e.g., put a graphic here, insert a link here, etc.). HTML tags can have attributes, which are further specifications for a tag.
You can recognize HTML tags because they are all enclosed in angle brackets, like these: < >. Usually, tags come in pairs to indicate the beginning and ending of a specific command. The begin tag looks like this: < > and the end tag looks like this: . So, to start a paragraph, the HTML tag <p> is placed at the point in the text where a new paragraph should begin. To end a paragraph, the HTML tag </p> is placed at the end of the text that belongs in the paragraph.
So, an HTML document (or web page) is the combination of plain text and HTML tags and, as such, HTML is a “universal” language for the internet. Who makes sure that everyone uses the same tags to accomplish the same instructions?.As of 1996, all the versions of HTML are maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The most important HTML tags and their attributes are listed and defined below:
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